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Rabu, 27 September 2017

Stunting Kids (E)

Stunting Kids (E)

Adolescence time is one of the critical phases in human life. This phase is where the growth and the development before become an adult occurred. Adolescence phase is just like a transitional kind of thing which kid will become an adult. The nutritional need also keeps increasing before it stops when he/she becomes an adult, so food and nutrition intake must be fulfilled for a normal growth and development and combating malnutrition1.

“Stunting atau Pendek is one of nutrition problem in developing country and Indonesia is one of them”

The prevalence of stunting is high in developing country. In Indonesia, the prevalence of stunting is still high. The data from RISKESDAS 2013 (Indonesia’s National Health Surveys 2013) said that the percentage of stunting kids (5 – 12 years old) is 30.7% which 18.4 is stunting and 12.3% is severe stunting. The problem of stunting in Indonesia is categorized as a severe problem by WHO (World Health Organization).

stunting kids


In 2007, WHO released a reference which can be categorized a kid’s growth is normal or stunting1,2, below is the category of children’s height status :

Stunting Category from WHO 2007
Category
Z Score < -3 SD
Severe Stunting
3 SD ≤ Z Score < -2 SD
Stunting
Z Score > -2 SD
Normal

Food and nutrition intake, along with disease/illness plays an important part on the nutrition status of someone. Kids can become stunting because of his/her nutritional intake doesn’t meet his/her daily nutritional needs in a long-term time1. The role of parents in keeping the nutrition status of their children is so important to the children will not gonna get a lack of nutrition intake and do not get stunting3. The role of parents as their guardian has a duty to give a proper quantity and quality of food and nutrition of their kids. Nutrition Knowledge, attitude and behavior of the parents also playing an important role to keep their children away from stunting or other nutrition problem4.




Reference :
1.        Amrullah MF, Gz S. Stunting dan anak usia dini. 2013;4–6.
2.        Kusuma KE. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Usia 2-3 Tahun ( Studi di Kecamatan Semarang Timur ). 2013;
3.    Rahayu A, Yulidasari F, Khairiyati L, Rahman F. THE RISK FACTOR OF MOTHER’S NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE LEVEL RELATED TO STUNTING IN PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER REGION CEMPAKA , BANJARBARU CITY. 2016;14:6999–7008.
4.    Munawaroh L. “HUBUNGAN ANTARA TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU, POLA MAKAN BALITA DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGWUNI II KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN TAHUN 2006.” 2006;


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